What is strategic management? Why is strategic management important?

Imagine starting a business with no direction in mind and no long-term goal or objectives. Sounds crazy and impossible to implement, but some entrepreneurs actually do it. They take their business day-to-day and fail to think strategically about the long road ahead. Only businesses with long-term goals and objectives will be able to set company direction, know how effectively they are performing in their industry, and gain competitive advantage. To achieve an organization’s goal it’s important to understand what strategic management is and the importance of strategic management . Strategic management strategies help the organization to develop and find the direction to grow. In this article, we are going to explore the need and importance of strategic human resource management in businesses and organizations.
key hr metrics
talent acquisition vs recruitment

Understanding Strategic Management

Strategy refers to the plan for reaching a specific goal. It’s about making smart choices and using resources effectively to overcome challenges. In simple terms, strategic management is the process of managing of organization’s resources effectively to make sure a company reaches its goals and keeps growing. Strategic management provides overall direction to make decisions and use resources wisely. It helps the organization in setting the direction by making plans, and policies, and allocating the resources to achieve its goal. Whether a company is small or large is irrelevant when it comes to the importance of strategic management. Even small companies need to figure out how effective they are within their industry and make the right moves for their future success.

Need and Importance of Strategic Management

Several reasons explain the need and importance of strategic management. Some of these are mentioned below:
  • Setting Direction and Vision

    The importance of strategic management in organization begins with identifying an organization’s mission, vision, and goals. This initial step provides a clear direction and purpose for the entire organization. It defines why it exists, where we want to go, and the competitive advantages of the business. A well-defined vision helps align all stakeholders toward the same goal and provides a framework for decision-making and resource allocation.

  • Enhancing Competitive Advantage

    The importance of strategic management is that it helps organizations stand out from the competition by finding what makes them special, taking advantage of market opportunities, and staying ahead of industry changes. Strategic management enables organizations to identify their strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities.

  • Fostering Adaptability

    In today’s fast-changing business environment, strategic management is like having a map. It helps organizations look at what’s happening outside, predict changes, and make plans. By monitoring industry trends, and market shifts, organization can improve their strategies to stay competitive and relevant.

  • Resource Allocation

    One of the importance of strategic human resource management in an organization is that it helps in the optimal allocation of resources. It ensures that the resources of the organization are used efficiently to achieve strategic goals. It prevents resource wastage and aligns investments with other more optimistic opportunities.

Employee Onboarding Process
Employee Onboarding Process
  • Performance Improvement

    Strategic management is a dynamic, ongoing process that enhances organizational performance by setting goals, monitoring progress, and implementing corrective actions. It helps the organization to continually refine its strategies and identify the areas that need improvement to drive continuous growth and innovation.

  • Long-Term Sustainability

    Strategic management focuses on not only short-term growth but also long-term sustainability. It emphasizes long-term sustainability by considering the impact of decisions on an organization’s viability, reputation, and success in the years to come. This forward-thinking strategy is essential in today’s environmentally and socially conscious business environment.

  • Improved Decision-Making

    The importance of strategic management in business provides a framework that helps in improved decision-making. It minimizes the occurrence of impulsive, short-term decisions that could lead to long-term consequences.

  • Organizational Alignment

    A well-created strategy encourages alignment within the organization. It makes sure that all departments, teams, and individuals are working in harmony toward a common goal. This results in improved communication, and cooperation, and enhances overall efficiency and productivity.

Five stages of the Strategic Management process

1. Setting Goals

In the beginning, an organization’s first step is defining the mission, vision, and values of the organization. Then, it sets goals to achieve its mission and vision.

Three important steps included are:

2. Analyse

In the next step, gather important information that helps the organization achieve its goals and objectives. The main focus is on understanding the needs of the business to keep going and finding ways to make it grow. This involves identifying the internal and external issues to figure out what affects its goals.

3. Formulate a strategy

This stage formulate the strategy based on the information gathered from the previous analysis. In this stage, we create an action plan based on the information we have for reaching the goal.

Important key points to formulate a strategy:


4. Implementation

In this fourth step, the planning is converted into implementation. Businesses with only a plan can’t achieve desired outcomes if it’s not implemented. Strategy implementation is a crucial step and affects everyone in the organization, so the employee must be aware of their responsibilities and if they are not prepared, management must provide additional training to help meet goals during this stage.

5. Performance Evaluation

Performance evaluation is the final step and one of the most important stages. It helps in determining whether key requirements are being met, and helps to identify if correct actions are taken.

To End on a Final Note

The importance of strategic management lies in its capacity to provide organizations with a roadmap for success. By setting direction, promoting adaptability, optimizing resource allocation, and encouraging accountability, strategic management empowers organizations to thrive in an ever-changing world. It is the base principle of achieving organizational goals and realizing long-term success.
Scroll to Top